High blood pressure Symptoms
High blood pressure symptoms, or How to “catch” an invisible enemy?
Hypertension(High blood pressure) is considered one of the most common and insidious cardiovascular diseases.
How to identify high blood pressure symptoms why it is important to do this as soon as possible – you will learn from this article. According to some reports, every fourth inhabitant of our planet from 15 to 64 years old suffers from high blood pressure. The main danger of hypertension(high blood pressure) is that over time it can lead to a heart attack and stroke, prolonged disability, disability, or even death. Therefore, it is so important to know more about the symptoms of hypertension and its treatment.
The silent killer, or What is Hypertension(high blood pressure)?
Hypertension (other names: arterial hypertension, arterial hypertension) is high blood pressure. Only a doctor can make a diagnosis of “hypertension”, and the presence of a disease is only indicated if elevated blood pressure was recorded with at least three control measurements.
Normally, the pressure can increase or decrease during the day and in various situations (during exercise, it is higher, during sleep – lower). But it should return to normal rates – from 100 to 60 to 140 to 90. If the pressure is constantly 140 to 90 or stably higher, then they speak of the presence of hypertension.
Causes of high blood pressure
At physiological and chemical levels, increased pressure is a natural reaction of the body to any danger or stress. In a critical situation, adrenaline is released into the blood, the heart begins to work faster, the vessels narrow, the muscles contract and the pressure rises.
So the body mobilizes its resources to be saved. However, in the modern world, our body experiences such a stressful load constantly, which is why increased pressure becomes not a protective mechanism, but a direct threat.
Regular stress, anxiety, lack of sleep, problems – all this can lead to increased pressure. However, doctors also call other causes of hypertension: heredity, overweight or obesity, disorders of the thyroid gland, kidneys, magnesium deficiency in the body, and some medications.
The following groups of people are at risk of developing hypertension(high blood pressure)
those whose parents have or have had high blood pressure. Most often, this disease is hereditary;
overweight, leading an unhealthy/sedentary lifestyle;
suffering from osteochondrosis of the cervicothoracic region and atherosclerosis. In these cases, the vessels are compressed, which threatens to increase pressure;
women and men during the period of extinction of sexual function (menopause), since hormones also strongly affect pressure;
Persons subject to constant stress and nervous strain. In many cases, hypertension also has psychological reasons: overload and unexpressed negative emotions increase pressure. The more stress, the higher the likelihood of a hypertensive crisis. In this case, the most optimal solution is to learn to relax and calm down;
having high cholesterol in the blood;
patients with diabetes;
Men are more likely than women to suffer from hypertension, and the highest prevalence rates are observed in people over 50 years old. It is at this age that hormonal changes occur, we begin to move less, weight grows, and the experiences accumulated over the years of life haunt. Men at the age of 55 and women over 65 are at risk. But it is worth remembering that hypertension has no age restrictions, and even very young people can suffer from high blood pressure.
Hypertension is dangerous complications and consequences to which it can lead. Unfortunately, often these consequences are fatal. Here are just a few of them:
the development of atherosclerosis;