Waterborne Disease | Causes and Symptoms | Apki Sehat

Waterborne Disease
October 24, 2020

Waterborne Disease


Water has a fatal disease. Waterborne disease means a disease that spread through water. 2 billion people in the world use a source of drinking water contaminated with faeces, and 500 thousand dies yearly from diarrhoea. Hepatitis A and cholera are the most critical threats. The prescription for prevention begins with hygiene. And this is how diseases are transmitted.

Water diseases

We drink a glass of water, and we are waiting for good health results because the water carries many benefits to the body, including preserving brain functions, reducing weight. As well as headaches, in addition to purifying the body from toxins. But what if the water turns into a new poison that transmits to you and threatens your life. Unfortunately, what may happen to you in light of the constant pollution of drinking sources.

There is a list of waterborne diseases, which are caused by disease-causing microbes spread by contaminated water, and the transmission of these pathogens occurs during the use of infected water for drinking. Preparing meals, and washing clothes, and most water-borne diseases around the world mainly affect Kids due to lack of hygiene and weak immunity.

The bad news on this regard is that most of these diseases are life-threatening, and about 844 million people lack even basic drinking water services, which facilitates the spread of such harmful diseases. Also, at least 2 billion people use a source. Consuming water contaminated with faeces, and these water sources can transmit diseases, which are associated with about 502 thousand deaths from diarrhoea yearly. According to the statistics of the World Health OrganizationWHO“.

What is more, in low- and middle-income countries, 38% of health care facilities lack any water sources. 19% of them have improved sanitation services, and 35% of them have water and soap for handwashing.

Waterborne diseases

According to the “News-medical” medical site, pathogenic microorganisms, poisonous secretions. And other pollutants collectively trigger serious conditions such as cholera, diarrhoea, typhoid, amebiasis. And hepatitis along¬†with gastroenteritis and scabies.

1- Diarrhea

Diarrhoea is the most common of all waterborne diseases, and it primarily affects children below the age of five. Symptoms include dizziness, dehydration and lack of consciousness in severe cases. And it usually lasts for two weeks and can become fatal if not treated.

Waterborne Disease
Toxics Spread in water

2- Cholera

Bacteria mainly trigger this by consuming contaminated food or drinking water, and symptoms include diarrhoea, vomiting, fever and abdominal cramps, and cholera happens mostly in children. Still, it can also affect adults, and it results in an alarmingly excessive death rate among the diseases that it transmits through the water.

3- Typhoid fever


Typhoid fever is caused by salmonella bacteria transported via contaminated water, and sufferers usually suffer from long bouts of fever, loss of appetite, nausea, headache, constipation, and loss of body weight, and instant attention must be given to treating typhoid in the patient, as well as to prevent the spread of this infectious disease.

4- Amebiasis


It’s caused by a parasite that affects the intestines, which is transmitted in a polluted environment. Frequent symptoms of amebiasis include abdominal cramps and watery stools.

Waterborne Disease
hepatitis virus

5- Hepatitis A.

Contamination is usually oral, while it is also spread through physical contact with an infected individual. Hepatitis A sufferers can have common symptoms such as fever, nausea, and vomiting, but they’ll have extreme complications if not treated in time.

How is a disease transmitted through water?

According to the website “waterborne disease“, climate change plays a decisive role in the spread of these diseases, and heavy rains increase the risk of contracting water-borne diseases. Several cases of epidemic infection outbreaks have been recorded after natural disasters such as floods.

Read more about the waterborne disease.

Natural disasters such as earthquakes or major hurricanes often cause drastic changes in the ecosystem of water bodies. Sometimes, the newly established atmosphere is favourable for the growth of a certain type of pathogen. Untreated water from these sources becomes harmful for routine use.

The mere neglect of cleaning workers in water treatment plants can also cause serious damage to society, particularly in small towns where there are no water purifiers in their homes, and also the continuous use of polluted water for agricultural purposes due to the lack of clean water in the area leads to colonization of pathogens. Diseases in soil and crop consumption in this particular area might expose the population to pathogenic microorganisms.

How to protect yourself from diseases transmitted in a cup of water?

Antibacterial, parasite and antiviral medicine are used for the treatment depending on the nature of the disease, however frequent precautions to preserve the surrounding environment can protect you from infection in the first place, in steps including:

Maintaining personal hygiene and the cleanliness of all drinking tools.

Be sure that your drinking water is purified by filtering and purifying it using the filter, for example.

The water used for cooking at home should be equally pure.

Avoid street food to preserve yourself from waterborne disease.

Cover and store food safely at home.

Bottom Line

Also, conducting health checks, awareness campaigns, and education about common risks and precautions are also essential they are, apart from precautions at the individual level, many other strategies including mass water recycling and carbon sequestration are used to manage the waterborne disease.