Menstrual Irregularities, Abnormal Menstruation
Puberty and menopause are about two aspects of a woman’s reproductive life span. Puberty is characterized by the onset of menstruation, breast growth, and the appearance of secondary sexual symptoms. Adolescence can vary from person to person, but the onset of menstruation every 8 years or a delay over 16 years requires medical advice. Similarly, in the case of menopause, menopause before 40 years or continuing after 53 years is uncommon and is a medical cause. Both limits of a woman’s reproductive life span are periods of dramatic hormonal, emotional and physical changes.
During the reproductive stage in a woman’s life, menstruation occurs every 21 days with bleeding lasting 5-7 days. In many cases, the cycles are usually irregular during puberty or menopause. Any cycle length in the range of 25-30 days is typical. Menstrual irregularities can be:
Lack of menstruation for a woman of childbearing age. It can be a condition in which a girl does not start menstruating at all or stops menstruating after a certain period of time.
Oligomenorrhea or Hypomenorrhea – The menstrual cycle is rarely more than 40 days or very light and thin.
Menorrhagia – Menstrual bleeding is unusually heavy, thick, and persistent even though it occurs occasionally. Women often get anemic in this condition.
The duration of the cycle is shorter than 20 days usually associated with Menorrhagia.
Abnormal bleeding of the vagina – bleeding occurs at unusual times in varying degrees and can last for almost a month.
PMS (Premenstrual syndrome) – Can vary from bad to worse. It is associated with feelings of constipation, leg pain, headaches, and mood swings. Symptoms of PMS can affect the general health of the community.
Dysmonhorrea- Though to not be confused with menstrual irregularities, it’s a medical situation characterized by extreme uterine pain during menstruation. In many cases, the pain is as severe as interrupting daily activities that require the use of painkillers.
Causes: Menstrual patterns may be influenced by changes in normal life, sudden weight loss or weight gain, stressful living conditions, physical disorders, certain diseases, and anatomical and hormonal changes. Treatment depends on:
kind of unusual in a time
age and built by the patient
physical illness or other symptoms
hormonal changes that can be detected by blood tests
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